For the last 8 years that I’ve been a volunteer advocate working to reform the Virginia Sex Offender Registry and laws it seems I was living under a serious misconception that changes everything about I will advocate in the future.
I believed that like in other states if a law that was enacted by the Legislature was challenged by one or more people was ruled to be unconstitutional it wouldn’t just be a win for those who took the challenge but it would then result in the law being overturned and EVERYONE affected by the unconstitutional law would find relief.
with the retroactive/mass
reclassifications of Registered Sex Offenders (RSO) was challenged by just a
handful of RSO’s but once ruled unconstitutional EVERY RSO was returned to
their original classification. In Ohio
with the retroactive extension of time to register for RSO’s when ruled
unconstitutional it returned EVERY RSO’s to their original timeframe, not just
the ones who challenged it in court. And
in Maryland when they forced
Pre-Registry convictions to become public RSO’s and register the win applied to
EVERY RSO, not just those who went to court. These are just three examples; the
list goes on in other states for other rulings. Kansas
So when Virginia retroactively reclassified thousands of RSO’s from Non-Violent to Violent in both 2006 and 2008 I expected if just one Virginia RSO who was affected came forward today to challenge the law and they won, it would trickle down to EVERY RSO affected.
And in my household we were planning in 2017 to challenge the 2008 Virginia change in law retroactively extending the timeframe that Non-Violent RSO’s must register before being allowed to petition for removal from 10 years to 15 years hoping that if we were successful then it would apply to everyone who was directly affected by the 2008 Legislative change that blatantly denied them due process.
Well, yesterday at our meeting with the attorney who we may/or may not be able to challenge Virginia’s SB666/HB1190 we learned this is NOT how Virginia Courts operate and our plans and expectations of the Commonwealth’s justice system were quickly quashed.
If a law in
is NOT challenged BEFORE it goes into effect with an injunction then any
challenge against it if there is a win in court ONLY applies to the
plaintiff(s) listed in the court challenge. A win would of course set
precedence for all future citizens to then challenge the law and most likely
means a win for them too, but they’d have to go to
court too. One by one, person by person it would have to be challenged over and over again. But the majority of people directly affected by the law would never receive justice because they don't have the time or the money to challenge a law that has
already been ruled unconstitutional previously. Virginia
How is this possible? It’s because
completely prohibits class-action lawsuits. Virginia