This page was last updated on May 31, 2017
Most laws affecting Registered Sex Offenders are State laws, not Federal.
Our Virginia Representatives (U.S. Congress members /U.S. Senators) in Washington D.C. have NOTHING to do with the legislation being proposed and debated at the yearly Virginia General Assembly session in Richmond, Virginia that could prohibit where an RSO can live, work or loiter, how often they must register and what information is required during registration, how they are classified or for how long they are required to register, the civil commitment of SVP's and whether any of these new laws are retroactive or not. All of this is done at the State level and that’s why you need to know who your State Delegate and State Senator are and when there is an election for Virginia Delegate, Senator, Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Attorney General the same effort you make to go vote for U.S. President, U.S. Vice-President and U.S. Congress members should be made on the off-years for State officials.
Now, the mandate for all 50 States to create Sex Offender Registries and much of their funding is Federal.
A few past Federal laws that created, included or affected Registered Sex Offenders (RSO’s) in the
- The Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act 1994
- Megan’s Law 1996, The Pam Lychner Sex Offender Tracking and Identification Act of 1996
- The Jacob Wetterling Improvements Act of 1997
- The Protection of Children from Sexual Predators Act 1998
- The Campus Sex Crimes Prevention Act 2000
- The PROTECT Act 2003
- Adam Walsh Act 2006 (AWA) also known as the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA).
Over the years Federal legislation has prohibited RSO's from:
- Being included (excluded from receiving) the emergency extension of unemployment benefits back in 2010
- Living in HUD Housing for any sexual conviction from June 2001 to present
- Obtaining Small Business Loans as of 2011
- Obtaining SNAP benefits/Food Stamps for sexual convictions from 2014 to present H.R. 2642
- Obtaining earned Veterans Benefits as of 2011, including burial rights
- Registered Sex Offenders are banned from most Veteran’s homes and hospitals, it depends on the State. (Not a Federal law, but affects Federal benefits)
- Registered Sex Offenders who plan to travel internationally must notify Immigration and Custom Enforcement (ICE) and INTERPOL "Angel Watch" 21 days BEFORE they board an airplane so that ICE can notify the country ahead of time that the RSO is coming and then the arrival country can either deny the RSO entry at the airport or require them to give full details of their trip, contacts and places they are staying while visiting. If an RSO does not fill out the appropriate paperwork within the 21 day timeframe they will face a felony.
As of 2017 Virginia has a total of 11 (we may gain 1 more seat after the next census in 2020) Congressional Districts/Seats and one of them represents you!
Do you know who your Congress Member is? (Look them up; they’ll be the last one on the page). Once you know who Representatives your district you should contact them, introduce yourself.
1- Mark Warner D 202-224-2023 475 Russell Senate Bldg Washington, D.C. 20510
2- Tim Kaine D 202-224-4024 231 Russell Senate Bldg Washington, D.C. 20510
You can track the donations of the Virginia Representatives in D.C.; know who is funding their re-election campaigns. Are they giant corporations, special interests?